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The books, serials, CD-ROMs, and databases that should be available in every zoo/aquarium library, have been marked with *.


    G. Mammals--Primates

      * Benirschke, Kurt, ed. 1986. Primates: The Road to Self-Substaining Populations. New York: Springer-Verlag. Proceedings of a symposium. ($142.00)

      Bourne, Geoffrey H., ed. 1969-73. The Chimpanzee. 6 volumes. Basal: Karger.

      Bramblet, Claude. 1994. Patterns of Primate Behavior. 2nd ed. Prospect Height, IL: Waveland. ($42.95, $19.95 pap)

      Chiarelli, A.B. 1972. Taxonomic Atlas of Living Primates. San Diego: Academic Press.

      * Clutton-Brock, T.H., ed. 1977. Primate Ecology: Studies of Feeding and Ranging Behavior in Lemurs, Monkeys, and Apes. San Diego: Academic Press.

      Dixon, A.F. 1981. The Natural History of the Gorilla. New York: Columbia University Press. ($63.80 pap)

      Dunbar, Robin. 1987. Primate Social Systems. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press ($54.50)

      Erwin, Joseph, et. al., eds. 1979. Captivity and Behavior: Primates in Breeding Colonies, Laboratories and Zoos. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

      Ghiglieri, Michael P. 1983. The Chimpanzees of the Kibale Forest: A Field Study of Ecology and Social Structure. New York: Columbia University Press. ($51.50)

      Goodall, Jane. 1986. The Chimpanzees of Gombe: Patterns of Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ($42.50)

      Harcourt, Caroline. 1990. Lemurs of Madagascar and the Comoros: The Red Data Book. Washington, DC: Island Press. ($38.00)

      Heltne, Paul and Linda A. Marquardt, eds. 1989. Understanding Chimpanzees. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ($40.00)

      * Hershkovitz, Philip. 1978. Living New World Monkeys, Vol 1. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ($110.00)

      Hill, W.C. Osman. 1953-70. Primates: Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy. 8 vols. Edinburgh: The University Press.

      Jolly, Alison. 1985. The Evolution of Primate Behavior. 2nd ed. New York: McMillian. ($24.95)

      Jolly, Alison. 1966. Lemur Behavior: A Madagascar Field Study. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ($53.50 pap)

      Kaplan, Gisela and Lesley Rogers. 1994. Orangutans in Borneo.

      Armidale, NSW, Australia: University of New England Press. ($49.95)

      * Kavanagh, Michael. 1983. A Complete Guide to Monkeys, Apes and Other Primates. London: Cape. For the general reader.

      Kirkwood, James K. 1992. Biology, Rearing, and Care of Young Primates. New York: Oxford University Press. ($75.00)

      Kleiman, Devra, ed. 1977. The Biology and Conservation of the Callitrachidae. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.

      * Lee, P.C., J. Thornback and E.L. Bennett. 1989. Threatened Primates of Africa: The IUCN Red Data Book. Washington DC: Island Press. ($24.00)

      Maple, Terry. 1982. Gorilla Behavior. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

      _____. 1989. Orangutan Behavior. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

      * Mitchell, G. 1979. Behavioral Sex Differences in Non-Human Primates. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

      Mittermeier, Russell, et. al. 1992. Lemurs of Madagascar: An Action Plan for Their Conservation 1993-1999. Washington, DC: Island Press (An IUCN Publication). ($16.00 pap)

      Moynihan, Martin. 1976. The New World Primates: Adaptive Radiation and the Evolution of Social Behavior, Languages, and Intelligence. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. ($42.00)

      Napier, John R. and P.H. Napier. 1967. A Handbook of Living Primates: Morphology, Ecology and Behaviour of Nonhuman Primates. San Diego: Academic Press. A classic on non-human primate biology.

      * _____. 1985. The Natural History of the Primates. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. ($19.95) More current, but less complete than his earlier Handbook.

      Poirier, Frank. 1972. Primate Socialization. New York: Random House.

      Preston-Matham, Ron and Ken. 1992. Primates of the World. New York: Facts on File. ($25.95)

      Preuschoft, Holger, et. al, eds. 1984. The Lesser Apes: Evolutionary and Behavioural Biology. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

      Richard, Alison F. 1985. Primates in Nature. New York: W.H. Freeman. ($35.95). Primatology textbook.

      Roonwal, M.L. and S.M. Mohmot. 1977. Primates of South Asia: Ecology, Sociobiology and Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ($118.60 pap)

      * Rylands, Anthony B., ed. 1993. Marmosets and Tamarins: Systematics, Behavior and Ecology. New York: Oxford University Press. ($75.00)

      * Schaller, George B. 1988. The Mountain Gorilla: Ecology of Behavior. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ($23.00 pap)

      Schwartz, Jeffery, ed. 1988. Orang-utan Biology. New York: Oxford University Press. ($79.95)

      * Segal, Evelyn, ed. 1989. Housing, Care, and Psychological Wellbeing of Captive and Laboratory Primates. Park Ridge, NJ: Noyes. ($64.00)

      Seth, P.K. and Swadesh Seth, eds. 1983-1987. Perspectives in Primate Biology. 3 vols. Scholary Pub. ($69.00 each volume)

      Smith, Euclid, ed. 1978. Social Play in Primates. San Diego: Academic Press.

      * Smuts, Barbara, et. al., eds. 1987. Primate Societies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ($29.50)

      Stuart, A. and J. Altmann. 1970. Baboon Ecology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

      Susman, Randall L., ed. 1984. The Pygmy Chimpanzee: Evolutionary Biology and Behavior. New York: Plenum Press.

      Tattersall, Ian. 1982. Primates of Madagascar. New York: Columbia University Press.

      _____ and Robert W. Saussan, eds. 1975. Lemur Biology. New York: Plenum Press.

      Waal, Frans de. 1982. Chimpanzee Politics: Power and Sex Among Apes. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins. ($14.95 pap)

      _____. 1989. Peacemaking Among Primates. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ($32.95)

      Tuttle, Russell H. 1986. Apes of the World: Their Social Behavior, Communication, Mentality and Ecology. Park Ridge, NJ: Noyes. ($55.00) A major comprehensive text on ape behavior and ecology.

      * Wolfheim, Jaclyn H. 1983. Primates of the World: Distribution, Abundance and Conservation. Seattle: University of Washington Press. ($165.00)

      Yerkes, Robert and Ada. 1929. The Great Apes. New Haven: Yale University Press. (Reprinted 1970, Johnson Reprint Corp, 111 Fifth Ave, NY, NY 10003). A classic work; still very informative.

    H. Mammals--Rabbits and Rodents

      Barash, David P. 1989. Marmots: Social Behavior and Ecology. CA: Stanford University Press. ($55.00)

      Chapman, J.A., ed. 1990. Rabbits, Hares and Pikas: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

      Churchfied, Sara. 1990. Natural History of Shrews. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ($35.95)

      Gurnell, John. 1989. The Natural History of Squirrels. New York: Facts on File.

      MacClintock, Dorcas. 1970. Squirrels of North America. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Covers marmots, prairie dogs, ground squirrels, rock squirrels, and many more.

      Morgan, Lewis. 1986. American Beaver and His Works: A Classic of Natural History and Ecology. New York: Dover. ($10.95) Reprint of 1868 edition.

      Rosevear, D.R. 1969. The Rodents of West Africa. Portland, OR: International Specialized Book Services.

      * Sherman, Paul W., Jennifer U.M. Jarvis, and Richard D. Alexander, eds. 1991. The Biology of the Naked Mole-Rat. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. ($67.50, $24.94 pap)

    I. Mammals--Large Herbivores (Elephants and Hoofed Mammals)

      Beck, Benjamin and Christen Wemmer, eds. 1983. The Biology and Management of an Extinct Species, Pere David's Deer. Park Ridge, NJ: Noyes.

      Berger, Joel. 1994. Bison: Mating and Conservation in Small Populations. New York: Columbia University Press. ($55.00)

      * Boyd, Lee and Katherine Houpt, eds. 1994. Przewalski's Horse: The History and Biology of An Endangered Species. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ($59.50, $19.95 pap)

      Brown, Robert, ed. 1991. The Biology of Deer. New York: Springer-Verlag. ($95.00)

      Bubenik, George and Anthony B. Bubenik, eds. 1990. Horns, Pronghorns, and Antlers. New York: Springer-Verlag. ($119)

      Clutton-Brock, T.H., F.E. Guinness and S.D. Albon. 1982. Red Deer Behavior and Ecology of Two Sexes. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ($22.50, $14.00 pap)

      * Dagg, Anne I. and Bristol Foster. 1976. Giraffe, Its Biology, Behavior and Ecology. Melbourne, FL: Krieger. ($24.50)

      Dixon, Alexandra and David Jones, eds. 1988. Conservation and Biology of Desert Antelopes. London: Helm.

      Douglas-Hamilton, I. and O. Douglas-Hamilton. 1975. Among the Elephants. New York: Viking.

      Duncan, Patrick, ed. 1992. Zebras, Horses and Asses: An Action Plan for the Conservation of Wild Equids. Washington, DC: Island Press. (An IUCN Publication). ($10.00)

      * Eisenberg, John, George McKay and John Seidensticker. 1990. Asian Elephants. Washington, DC: Friends of the National Zoo. (Reprints of

      Contributions to Zoology, Smithsonian Institution, nos. 101 and 125; plus a World Bank Technical Paper reprint).

      Eltringham, S.K. 1982. Elephants. Dorset, England: Blandford Press.

      * Gauthier-Pilters, Hilde and Anne Dagg. 1983. The Camel: Its Evolution, Ecology, Behavior and Relationship to Man. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

      Geist, V. & F. Walther, eds. 1974. The Behavior of Ungulates and Its Relation to Management. 2 vols. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Papers of an international symposium.

      Goss, Richard J., ed. 1983. Deer Antlers: Regeneration, Function and Evolution. San Diego: Academic Press. ($96.00)

      Groves, Colin P. 1974. Horses, Asses and Zebras in the Wild. Hollywood, FL: Ralph Curtis Books. For the general reader.

      Halls, Lowell. 1984. White-Tailed Deer: Ecology and Management. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole.

      Lee, Amanda. 1992. Management Guidelines for the Welfare of Zoo Animals: Giraffe. London: Federation of Zoological Gardens of Great Britain and London.

      Leuthold, Walther. 1977. African Ungulates: A Comparative Review of Their Ethology and Behavioral Ecology. New York: Springer-Verlag.

      MacClintock, Dorcas. 1973. A Natural History of Giraffes. New York: Scribners. For the general reader.

      _____. 1976. A Natural History of Zebras. New York: Scribners. For the general reader.

      Mloszewski, Mark. 1983. The Behavior and Ecology of the African Buffalo. New York: Cambridge University Press. ($59.95)

      Mochi, Ugo and T. Donald Carter. 1971. Hoofed Mammals of the World. 2nd ed. New York: Scribners.

      * Penny, Malcolm. 1988. Rhinos: Endangered Species. New York: Facts on File. ($19.95) For the general reader.

      * Price, Mark. 1989. Animal Reintroductions: The Arabian Oryx in Oman. New York: Cambridge University Press. ($42.95)

      Putnam, Roy. 1988. Natural History of Deer. Ithaca, NY: Comstock. ($28.50) For the general reader.

      * Roocroft, Alan and Donald Atwell Zoll. 1994. Managing Elephants: An Introduction to the Management and Training of Elephants. Ramona, CA: Fever Tree Press. ($20.00)

      * Schaller, George B. 1989. Mountain Monarchs: Wild Sheep and Goats of the Himalaya. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ($18.95 pap)

      Sikes, Sylvia K. 1971. The Natural History of the African Elephant. New York: Elsevier.

      Soma, Hiroaki, ed. 1987. Biology and Management of Capricornis and Related Mountain Antelopes. New York: Croom Helm.

      * Spinage, C. 1985. Natural History of Antelopes. New York: Facts on File. ($25.95) Good introduction on the subject of antelopes.

      * Sukumar, R. 1989. Asian Elephant: Ecology and Management. New York: Cambridge University Press. ($34.95)

      Thomas, Jack and Dale Toweill, eds. 1982. Elk of North America: Ecology and Management. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books. ($49.95)

      Valdez, Raul. 1985. Lords of the Pinnacles: Wild Goats of the World. Mesilla, NM: Wild Sheep and Goat International.

      Walther, Fritz. 1984. Communication and Expression in Hoofed Mammals. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ($45.00)

      Walther, Fritz, C. Mungall, and Gerald A. Grau. 1983. Gazelles and Their Relatives. Park Ridge, NJ: Noyes.

      Wemmer, Christen, ed. 1987. Biology and Management of the Cervidae. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. ($50.00, $32.00 pap)

      Whitehead, George. 1993. The Whitehead Encyclopedia of Deer. Stillwater, MN: Voyageur Press. ($140.00)

      Yagil, Reuven. 1985. The Desert Camel. New York: S.Karger. ($102.00)


    Alcock, John. 1993. Animal Behavior: An Evolutionary Approach. 5th ed. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer. ($47.95) Textbook.

    * Benyus, Janine. 1992. Beastly Behaviors: A Zoo Lover's Companion. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. ($15.34 pap). Popular guide for the animal watcher and zoo goer.

    Corning, W.C., J.A. Dyal, and A.O.D. Willows, eds. 1973-1975. Invertebrate Learning, 3 vols. New York: Plenum.

    Crockett, Carolyn and Michael Hutchins. 1978. Applied Behavioral Research and the Woodland Park Zoological Gardens. Seattle, WA: Pika Press.

    Clutton-Brock, Tim. 1991. The Evolution of Parental Care. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. ($19.95)

    Eisenberg, John F. and Devra Kleiman, eds. 1983. Advances in the Study of Mammalian Behavior. Shippenburg, PA: American Society of Mammalogists. ($45.00) Conference papers. A good introduction of the many subdisciplines of behavioral studies and their applications.

    Fagen, Robert. 1981. Animal Play Behavior. New York: Oxford University Press. ($39.95, $22.50 pap)

    Griffin, Donald. 1992. Animal Minds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ($24.95, $12.95 pap)

    Gubernick, David J. and Peter H. Klopfer, eds. 1981. Parental Care in Mammals. New York: Plenum. ($85.00)

    * Hediger, Heini. 1964. Wild Animals in Captivity. Magnolia, MA: Peters Smith. Discusses animal behavior and basic principles of managing animals in captivity. A classic.

    * _____. 1968. Psychology and Behaviour of Animals in Zoos and Circuses. New York: Dover.

    * _____. 1969. Man and Animal in the Zoo: Zoo Biology. London: Routledge & K. Paul. Another classic.

    Hinde, Robert A. 1982. Ethology: Its Nature and Relations with Other Sciences. New York: Oxford University Press. ($22.50) Undergraduate text.

    Hoage, R.J. and Larry Golden, eds. 1986. Animal Intelligence. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. ($13.95 pap) Proceedings from a symposium at the National Zoological Park.

    Lawrence, A.B., and J. Rushen, eds. 1993. Stereotypic Animal Behaviour: Fundamental and Applications to Welfare. Tuscon, AZ: University of Arizona Press. ($71.25)

    McFarland, David, ed. 1981. The Oxford Companion to Animal Behaviour. New York: Oxford University Press. ($49.95) More than seventy experts contributed essays to this wealth of information which is quite readable.

    Markowitz, Hal. 1982. Behavioral Enrichment in the Zoo. New York: Reinhold. Describes new and innovative programs that encourage behavioral activities of captive animals.

    _____ and Victor Stevens, eds. 1978. Behavior of Captive Wild Animals. Chicago: Nelson-Hall. ($35.95) Behavioral research on animals in zoos and other captive environments.

    Martin, Paul and Patrick Bateson. 1986. Measuring Behaviour: An Introductory Guide. New York: Cambridge University Press, ($16.95 pap) A practical guide to the principles and methods for studying behavior quantitatively.

    Monaghan, Pat and D.G.M. Wood-Gush. 1990. Managing the Behaviour of Animals. New York: Chapman & Hall. ($82.00)

    Morton, Eugene and Jake Page. 1992. Animal Talk. New York: Random House. ($19.50)

    Poole, Trevor. 1985. Social Behavior in Mammals. New York: Chapman & Hall. ($32.50) Good summary of research in this field.

    Rachlin, H. Introduction to Modern Behaviourism. 1976. 2nd ed. Reading, PA: Freeman. A good introductory text to the subject.

    Vance, Velma J. 1990. Exploring Zoos: A Guide to Wild Animals In Captivity. Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt.

    Walters, Mark. 1988. The Dance of Life: Courtship in the Animal Kingdom. New York: Morrow.

    Wilson, Edward O. 1975. Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ($40.50)

    Wittenberger, J. 1981. Animal Social Behavior. Boston: Duxbury Press.


    * AAZK, Inc. 1988. AAZK Diet Notebook. Mammals Vol 1. Topeka, KS: American Association of Zoo Keepers.

    * AZA Animal Health Committee. 1994. Infant Diet Notebook. Wheeling, WV: American Zoo and Aquarium Association.

    Allchurch, Anthony. 1986. The Nutritional Handbook of the Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust. Jersey: The Trust.

    Burger, I.H. and J.P. Rivers, ed. 1989. Nutrition of the Dog and Cat. New York: Cambridge University Press.

    * Church, D.C. 1984. Livestock Feeds and Feeding. 3rd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Printice-Hall. ($53.00 pap) Good introduction on nutrition and feeding of livestock.

    Committee on Animal Nutrition, Board on Agriculture, National Research Council. 1993. Nutrient Requirements of Fish. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

    * Dr. Scholl Nutrition Conference. 1980-1989. Proceedings of the Dr.Scholl Conference on the Nutrition of Captive Wild Animals. Chicago: Lincoln Park Zoological Park.

    Frye, Fredric L. 1992. A Practical Guide for Feeding Captive Reptiles. Malabar, FL: Kreiger ($22.50)

    Gilchirst, F.M.C. and R.I. Mackie. 1984. Herbivore Nutrition in the Subtropics and Tropics. Craighall, South Africa: Science Press.

    Hacker, J.B. and J.H. Ternouth, eds. 1987. Nutrition of Herbivores. San Diego: Academic Press.

    Halver, John E., ed. 1988. Fish Nutrition. 2nd ed. San Diego: Academic Press. ($199.00)

    Harris, Robert S., ed. 1970. Feeding and Nutrition of Non-Human Primates. San Diego: Academic Press.

    Hume, Ian D. 1982. Digestive Physiology and Nutrition of Marsupials. New York: Cambridge University Press.

    * Lint, Kenton C. and Alice M. Lint. 1988. Feeding Cage Birds: A Manual of Diets for Aviculture. London: Blandford Press. ($25.00)

    McDowell, Lee R., ed. 1985. Nutrition of Grazing Ruminants in Warm Climates. San Diego: Academic Press. ($101.00)

    Maynard, Leonard, et al. 1979. Animal Nutrition. 7th ed. New York: McGraw- Hill.

    Morrison, Frank B. 1961. Feeds and Feeding. 9th ed. Clinton, IA: Morrison. Provides basic information on the feeding and management of farm animals. A classic.

    * Robbins, Charles T. 1994. Wildlife Feeding and Nutrition. 2nd ed. San Diego: Academic Press. ($59.95) A useful reference on the subject.

    Slansky, Frank, and J.G. Rodriguez, eds. 1987. Nutritional Ecology of Insects, Mites, Spiders, and Related Invertebrates. New York: Wiley. ($149.95)

    * Stevens, C.E. 1988. Comparative Physiology of the Vertebrate Digestive System. New York: Cambridge University Press. ($29.95 pap)

    Van Soest, P.J. 1994. Nutritional Ecology of the Ruminant. 2nd ed. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ($65.00)


Includes husbandry, reproduction, diseases, parasites, and pathology as well as veterinary medicine.

    A. Veterinary Medicine--General

      Beynon, P.H. and J. E. Cooper, eds. 1991. Manual of Exotic Pets. British Small Animal Veterinary Association/Manson Pub. ($64.95)

      Brackett, Benjamin G., George E. Seidel, Jr., and Sarah M. Seidel, eds. 1982. New Technologies in Animal Breeding. San Diego: Academic Press, 1982.

      Cheville, Norman. 1988. Introduction to Veterinary Pathology. Ames, IA: Iowa State University. ($62.95) Although intended for the beginning student of veterinary pathology, it is also of value to curators and managers in zoos.

      Duncan, J. Robert. 1994. Veterinary Laboratory Medicine: Clinical Pathology. 3rd ed. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. ($42.95).

      * Ettinger, Stephen and Edward C. Feldman. 1994. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders.

      Fifth World Conference on Breeding Endangered Species in Captivity. 1988. Cincinnati, OH: Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden. Flecknell, P.A. 1987. Laboratory of Animal Anesthesia: A Practical Introduction for Research Workers and Technicians. San Diego: Academic Press. ($48.00)

      Fowler, Murray E. 1989. Restraint and Handling of Wild and Domestic Animals. 2nd ed. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press. ($82.95)

      * _____., ed. 1986. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders. ($129.00) A must for all zoos.

      * _____., ed. 1993. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy 3. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders. ($89.50) Most current and thorough reference source on exotic animal medicine.

      * Griner, Lynn. 1983. Pathology of Zoo Animals. San Diego: Zoological Society of San Diego. ($25.00)

      Guy, Maxine and Mae Hickman. 1993. Care of the Wild, Feathered and Furred: Treating and Feeding Injured Birds and Animals. 20th ed. New York: Kesend. ($14.95 pap) Nontechnical.

      Hand, Suzanne. J., ed. 1990. Care and Handling of Australian Native Animals. Chipping Norton, NSW, Australia: Surrey Beatty. ($120.00)

      Harrison, Richard M., ed. 1980. Animal Laparoscopy. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.

      * Harthoorn, Antoine A. 1976. The Chemical Capture of Animals. London: Bailliere Tindall. Authoritative text on all aspects of chemical immobilization of exotic animals.

      Hoff, Gerald and John W. Davis, eds. 1982. Noninfectious Diseases of Wildlife. Ames: Iowa State University Press. ($28.95)

      * Kirk, Robert W. and Stephen I. Bistner. 1990. Handbook of Veterinary Procedures and Emergency Treatment. 5th ed. New York: Saunders. ($53.00)

      * Klos, Heinz Georg and Ernest M. Lang. 1981. Handbook of Zoo Medicine. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Another must for the zoo veterinarian.

      McKenzie, Andrew A., ed. 1993. The Capture and Care Manual: Capture Care, Accomondation and Transportation of Wild African Animals. Guernsey, Channel Islands: Wildlife Books. ($138.00)

      * Martin, R.D, ed. 1975. Breeding Endangered Species in Captivity. San Diego: Academic Press.

      Merck Veterinary Manual. 1991. 7th ed. Rahway, NJ: Merck & Co. ($24.00)

      Montali, Richard J. and George Migaki, eds. 1980. Comparative Pathology of Zoo Animals. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. ($29.95 pap) A collection of papers on zoo animal disease.

      Morrow, David A., ed. 1986. Current Therapy in Theriogenology: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Reproductive Disease in Small and Large Animals. 2nd ed. ($132.50) Reference source on the reproduction condition of animals.

      Nielson, L., J.C. Haigh and M.E. Fowler, eds. 1982. Chemical Immobilization of North American Wildlife. Milwaukee: Wisconsin Humane Society. Proceedings of a symposium.

      Paddleford, Robert, ed. 1988. Manual of Small Animal Anesthesia. New York: Churchill Livington. ($52.50)

      Physician's Desk Reference. Annual. Des Moines, IA: PDR. ($64.95)

      Schmidt, Robert and Gene Hubbard. 1987. Atlas of Zoo Animal Pathology. 2 vols. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. ($365.00 set)

      Schmidt-Nielsen, Knut. 1990. Animal Physiology: Adaptation and Environment. 4th ed. New York: Cambridge University Press. ($44.95)

      Shively, Michael J. 1985. Veterinary Anatomy: Basic, Comparative and Clinical. College Station, TX: A & M University Press. ($35.00 pap)

      Short, Charles, ed. 1987. Principles and Practices of Veterinary Anesthesia. Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins.

      * Stedman's Medical Dictionary. 1990. 25th ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins. ($49.95)

      Swidler, Gerald. 1971. Handbook of Drug Interactions. Melbourne, FL: Krieger.

      Veterinary Pharmaceuticals and Biologicals 1987/88. 1986. 5th ed. Lenexa, KS: Veterinary Med. ($32.95)

      * Wallach, Joel and William J. Boever. 1983. Diseases of Exotic Animals: Medical and Surgical Management. Philadelphia: Saunders. Authoritative and extensive review of diseases of all living animal groups (mammals, birds, reptiles, etc.)

      * Young, E., ed. 1975. Capture and Care of Wild Animals. Hollywood, FL: Curtis Books. A classic and still useful.

    B. Veterinary Medicine--Fishes

      * Amlacher, Erwin. 1970. Textbook of Fish Diseases. Neptune, NJ: T.F.H. Pub.

      Annual Review of Fish Diseases. 1990--. Annual. New York: Pergamon Press. ($200.00)

      Brown, Lydia, ed. 1993. Aquaculture for Veterinarians: Fish Husbandry and Medicine. New York: Elsevier. ($110.00, $56.00 pap)

      Bullock, G.L. 1971. Bacterial Diseases of Fishes. Neptune, NJ: T.F.H. Pub.

      * Dulin, Mark P. 1976. Diseases of Marine Aquarium Fishes. Neptune, NJ: T.F.H. Pub.

      Elkan, E. 1974. Color Atlas of the Diseases of Fishes, Amphibians, and Reptiles. Neptune City, NJ: T.F.H. Pub.

      Ellis, Anthony E., ed. 1985. Fish and Shellfish Pathology. San Diego: Academic Press.

      Ferguson, Hugh. W. 1989. Systemic Pathology of Fish. Ames, IA: Iowa State University. ($64.95)

      Gratzek, John B. and Janice R. Matthews, eds. 1992. The Science of Fish Health Management. Morris Plains, NJ: Tetra Press.

      Gratzek, John B., et. al. 1992. Fish Diseases and Water Chemistry. Morris Plains, NJ: Tetra Press. ($19.95)

      Hoar, W.S. and D.J. Randall, eds. 1969--. Fish Physiology. 13 volumes so far. San Diego: Academic Press. (Price varies with volume.)

      Lom, Jiri, and Iva Dykova. 1992. Protozoan Parasites of Fishes. New York: Elsevier.

      * Post, G.W. 1987. The Textbook of Fish Health. Neptune, NJ: T.F.H.Pub. ($29.95)

      Roberts, Ronald, ed. 1989. Fish Pathology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders. ($185.00)

      * Sindermann, Carl J., ed. 1989. Principal Diseases of Marine Fish and Shellfish. 2nd ed. 2 vols. San Diego: Academic Press. (vol 1 $125.00, vol 2 $116.00)

      _____ and D.V. Lightner, eds. 1988. Disease Diagnosis and Control in North American Marine Aquaculture. 2nd ed. New York: Elsevier. ($102.75)

      * Stoskopf, Michael K., ed. 1993. Fish Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders. ($99.95)

      Thoesen, John C., ed. 1994. Suggested Procedures for the Detection and Identification of Certain Finfish and Shellfish Pathogens. 4th ed. Bethesda, MD: Fish Health Section, American Fisheries Society.

      * Wedemeyer, C.G., et. al. 1970-1976. Diseases of Fishes. Book 5: Environmental Stress and Fish Diseases. Neptune, NJ: T.H.F. Pub.

    C. Veterinary Medicine--Amphibians and Reptiles

      Barnard, Susan M. and Steve J. Upton. 1994. A Veterinary Guide to the Parasites of Reptiles. Vol 1, Protozoa. Melbourne, FL: Kreiger. ($26.50)

      Beynon, P.H., ed. 1992. Manual of Reptiles. British Small Animal Veterinary Association/Manson Pub. ($64.95)

      Coborn, John. 1987. Snakes and Lizards: Their Care and Breeding in Captivity. Blackburg, VA: Tetra. ($21.95)

      Cooper, John E., ed. 1981. Diseases of Reptilia. 2 vols. New York: Academic Press.

      Elkan, E. 1974. Color Atlas of the Diseases of Fishes, Amphibians, and Reptiles. Neptune City, NJ: T.F.H. Pub.

      * Frye, Fredric L. 1989. Biomedical and Surgical Aspects of Captive Reptile Husbandry. 2nd ed. 2 vols. Malabar, FL: Krieger. ($289.50)

      Frye, Fredric L. and Wendy Townsend. 1992. Iguanas: A Guide to Their Biology and Captive Care. Malabar, FL: Krieger. ($28.50)

      * Hoff, Gerald, Fredric Frye, and E.R. Jacobson, eds. 1984. Diseases of Amphibians and Reptiles. New York: Plenum. ($135.00)

      Marcus, Leonard C. 1981. Veterinary Biology and Medicine of Captive Amphibians and Reptiles. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. ($65.30 pap)

      * Mattison, Christopher. 1987. Care of Reptiles and Amphibians in Captivity. Rev. ed. New York: Sterling. ($17.95 pap)

      Minton, Sherman and Madge Minton. 1989. Venomous Reptiles. Rev.ed. New York: Scribner.

      * Murphy, J.B. and B.L. Armstrong. 1980. Reproductive Biology and Diseases of Captive Reptiles. Oxford, OH: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.

      Ross, Richard A. and Gerald Marzec. 1990. Reproductive Husbandry of Pythons and Boas. Stanford, CA: Institute for Herpetological Research. ($75.00)

      Rossi, John. 1992-94. Snakes of the United States and Canada: Keeping Them Healthy in Captivity. Vol 1 Eastern Area. Vol 2 Western Area. Malabar, FL: Krieger. (Vol 1 $49.50)

    D. Veterinary Medicine--Birds

      Brown, A.F. Anderson. 1979. The Incubation Book. Hindhead, Surrey: Sur Publications.

      Calnek, B.W., et, al., eds. 1991. Diseases of Poultry. 9th ed. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press. ($14.95)

      Cooper, J.E. and J.T. Eley, eds. 1979. First Aid and Care of Wild Birds. North Pomfret, Vermont: Davis & Charles.

      * Davis, John W., et. al. eds., 1981. Infectious and Parasitic Diseases of Wild Birds. 2nd ed. Ames, Iowa, Iowa State University Press.

      Deeming, D. Charles and Mark W.J. Ferguson, eds. 1991. Egg Incubation: Its Effects on Embryonic Development in Birds and Reptiles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ($190.00) Somewhat technical, but good.

      Harrison, Greg J. and Linda R. Harrison. 1986. Clinical Avian Medicine and Surgery: Including Aviculture. Philadelphia: Saunders. ($99.50)

      Leman, A.D., et. al. 1992. Diseases of Swine. 7th ed. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. ($114.95)

      * Low, Rosemary. 1992. Parrots: Their Care and Breeding. 3rd ed. New York: Sterling. ($95.00)

      * Petrak, Margaret. 1982. Diseases of Cage and Aviary Birds. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger. ($160.00).

      Ritchie, Branson W., Greg J. Harrison, and Linda R. Harrison. 1994. Avian Medicine: Principles and Application. Lake Worth, FL: Wingers. ($145.00)

      Shaeffer, Billie C. 1980. Manual for the Care of Wild Birds. Smithton, NJ: Exposition Press.

    E. Veterinary Medicine--Mammals

      Adams, Cyril E., ed. 1982. Mammalian Egg Transfer. Baton Rough, LA: CRC Press. ($156.00)

      Appel, M.J., ed. 1987. Virus Infections of Carnivores. New York: Elsevier. ($189.75)

      Blowey, R.W. and A.D. Weaver. 1991. Color Atlas of Diseases and Disorders of Cattle. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. ($87.95)

      Daniel, Joseph C., ed. 1978. Methods of Mammalian Reproduction. San Diego: Academic Press.

      * Danzig, Toni, ed., 1992. Biological Values for Selected Mammals. Topeka, KS: American Association of Zoo Keepers.

      * Davis, John, et. al., eds. 1981. Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals. 2nd ed. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press. ($46.95)

      * Davis, John and Roy Anderson, eds. 1971. Parasitic Diseases of Wild Mammals. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press. ($96.80 pap)

      * Diersauf, L.A., ed. 1990. Handbook of Marine Mammal Medicine: Health, Diseases, and Rehabilitation. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. ($172.95) Ettinger, Stephen, ed. 1990. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine: Diseases of the Dog and Cat. 3rd ed. 2 vols. Philadelphia: Saunders. ($185.00 set)

      Fowler, Murray. 1989. Medicine and Surgery of the South American Camelids: Llama, Alpaca, Vicuna, Guanaco. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. ($82.95)

      Fox, James, G. ed. 1988. Biology and Diseases of the Ferret. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins. ($49.50)

      Fraizer, Harmony and Kathleen Hunt. 1994. Zoo Infant Development Notebook: Mammals. 2 vols. Topeka, KS: American Association of Zoo Keepers, Inc. (AAZK members $125.00, nonmembers $150.00).

      Graham, Charles, ed. 1981. Reproductive Biology of the Great Apes: Comparative and Biomedical Perspectives. San Diego: Academic Press. A review of all aspects of great ape reproduction geared to management of captive breeding.

      Graham, C.E., et. al., eds. 1985. Clinical Management of Infant Great Apes. New York: Wiley. ($48.00)

      Harkness, John E. and John Wagner. 1989. The Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents. 2nd ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins. ($28.50 pap)

      Holzworth, Jean. 1986. The Diseases of the Cat: Medicine and Surgery. Vol 1. Philadelphia: Saunders. ($115.00)

      Howard, Edwin B., ed. 1983. Pathobiology of Marine Mammal Diseases. 2 vols. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. ($168.00 each)

      McEntee, Kenneth. 1990. Reproductive Pathology of Domestic Mammals. San Diego: Academic Press. ($116.00)

      * Mikota, Susan, Eva Lee Sargent, and G.S. Ranglack. 1994. Medical Management of the Elephant. West Bloomfield, MI: Indira Pub.

      Pedersen, Niels C. 1988. Feline Infectious Diseases. Coleta, CA: American Veterinary Pub. ($37.50)

      Ridgway, Sam H., ed. 1972. Mammals of the Sea: Biology and Medicine. Springfield, IL: C.C. Thomas.

      Schwartz, H.J. and M. Dioli, eds. 1992. One-humped Camel in Eastern Africa: A Pictorial Guide to Diseases, Health Care, and Management. Germany: Verlag Josef Margraf.

      Smith, W.J., D.J. Taylor, and R.H. Penny. 1990. Color Atlas of Diseases and Disorders of the Pig. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. ($87.95)

      Watson, P.F., ed. 1978. Artificial Breeding of Non-Domestic Animals. San Diego: Academic Press. ($137.00) Proceedings of a symposium.

      Wells, Susan K., et. al. 1990. Medical Management of the Orangutan. New Orleans, LA: Audubon Insitute. ($20.00)


    Adey, Walter H. and Karen Loveland. 1991. Dynamic Aquaria: Building Living Ecosystems. San Diego: Academic Press. ($49.95)

    Atema, Jelle,, eds. 1987. Sensory Biology of Aquatic Animals. New York: Springer-Verlag. ($239.00)

    * Bannister, Keith Edward and Andrew Campbell, eds. 1985. The Encyclopedia of Aquatic Life. New York: Facts on File, 1985. ($45.00)

    Bascom, Willard. 1980. Waves and Beaches: The Dynamics of the Ocean Surface. Rev. ed. New York: Doubleday.

    * Bidwell, Joseph P. and Stephen Spotte. 1985. Artificial Seawaters; Formulas and Methods. Boston: Jones & Bartlett. ($100 casebound)

    * Bower, Carol E. 1983. The Basic Marine Aquarium: A Simplified Modern Approach to the Care of Saltwater Fishes. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. ($29.75 pap)

    Coulombe, Deborah A. 1984. The Seaside Naturalist: A Guide to Nature at the Seashore. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1984.

    Dakin, Nick. 1993. The Macmillan Book of the Marine Aquarium: A Definitive Reference to More than 300 Marine Fish and Invertebrate Species and How to Establish and Maintain a Reef Aquarium. New York: Macmillan. ($75.00)

    Emmens, Cliff W. 1989. The Marine Aquarium in Theory and Practice. Rev. ed. Neptune, NJ: T.F.H. Pub. ($19.95)

    Friese, U. Erich. 1973. Marine Invertebrates in the Home Aquarium. Neptune City, NJ: T.F.H. Pub.

    * Hawkins, A.D., ed. 1981. Aquarium Systems. New York: Academic Press.

    Horsman, Paul V. 1986. Seawatch--The Seafarer's Guide to Marine Life. New York: Facts on File.

    Lobban, Christopher S. and Michael J. Wynne, eds. 1982. The Biology of Seaweeds. Berkeley: University of California Press. ($100.00)

    Lobban, Christopher S., et. al. 1985. The Physiological Ecology of Seaweeds. New York: Cambridge University Press.

    * Nybakken, James W. 1989. Marine Biology: An Ecological Approach. 2nd ed. New York: HarperCollins College. ($43.00)

    O'Connell, R.F. 1971. The Freshwater Aquarium. St. Petersburg, FL: The Great Outdoors Pub. Co. Presscott, Gerald W. 1969. How to Know the Aquatic Plants. Dubuque, IA: Brown.

    _____. 1978. How to Know Freshwater Algae. 3rd ed. Dubuque, IA: Brown.

    Rataj, Karel and Thomas J. Horeman. 1977. Aquarium Plants: Their Identification, Cultivation and Ecology. Neptune City, NJ: T.F.H. Pub.

    Seaman, William and Lucian M. Sprague, eds. 1991. Artificial Habitats for Marine and Freshwater Fisheries. San Diego: Academic Press. ($49.95)

    * Spotte, Stephen. 1979. Fish and Invertebrate Culture: Water Management in Closed Systems. 2nd ed. New York: Wiley. ($37.95)

    _____. 1979. Seawater Aquariums: The Captive Environment. New York: Wiley. ($72.95)

    _____. 1991. Captive Seawater Fishes: Science and Technology. New York: Wiley. ($97.95)

    _____. 1993. Marine Aquarium Keeping: The Science, Animals and Art. 2nd ed. New York: Wiley. ($19.95 pap)

    Sterba, Gunther, ed. 1983. The Aquarium Encyclopedia. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. ($45.00)

    Strickland, J.D.H. 1977. A Practical Handbook of Seawater Analysis. 2nd ed. Ottawa: Fisheries Research Board of Canada.

    Sumich, James L., 1992. An Introduction to the Biology of Marine Life. 5th ed. Dubuque, IA: Brown.

    Wilkens, Peter. 1973. The Saltwater Aquarium for Tropical Marine Invertebrates. 2nd ed. Suppertal-Elberfeld (Germany): Engelbert Pfriem.

The books, serials, CD-ROMs, and databases that should be available in every zoo/aquarium library, have been marked with *.

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