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Credits

Renaissance Herbals / Plantarum Aetatis Novae Tabulae (PLANT). A joint project Smithsonian Institution Libraries Digital Collection (Washington DC, USA), and Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma (Rome, Italy).

Dr. Alain Touwaide, Historian of Sciences, with the assistance of Dssa Emanuela Appetiti, Scientific Program Specialist, Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC (USA).

Research in Rome (Italy):

Research at the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma (BNCR) (Rome, Italy), in the Sala Manoscritti e Rari (Manuscripts and Rare Books Room), was organized and performed in close collaboration with Dssa Margherita Breccia Fratadocchi, Director of the Manuscripts and Rare Books Room.

Analysis of books, check-list of plant representations, and encoding of relevant data on computers was performed in Rome at the BNCR by Earthwatch Volunteers in different campaigns during the years 2003-2006, with the assistance of Alexandra Wright in 2005 and 2006.

Dssa Marina Venier, responsible for the Catalogo Antico (Catalogue of Ancient Books), assisted in the redaction of the descriptions of books.

Research in Padua (Italy):

Research in Padua (Italy) was organized at the Library of the Botanical Gardens of the University of Padua, in close collaboration with the Head of the Library Dssa Alessandra Angarano, the Librarian Dssa Paola Mario, and Dssa Luisa Buson, Coordinator of the Rare books and Special Collections of the Sistema Bibliotecario di Ateneo, Università di Padova (Padua University Library System).

Analysis of books, check-list of plant representations, and encoding of relevant data on computers was performed by Earthwatch Volunteers in two campaigns in 2006, with the assistance of Alexandra Wright.

Research in Washington DC (USA):

Dr. Alain Touwaide and Dssa Emanuela Appetiti, in collaboration with Dr. Dan H. Nicolson, Emeritus Curator, Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC (USA).

Processing of data, scanning and archiving of slides, and typing of texts at the Smithsonian were made in 2005 and 2006 with the help of Earthwatch Volunteers, and in 2007 with the help of Margherita Maccaferri.

Book consultation in Washington DC (USA):

Ronald Brashear and Kristen Van Der Veen, The Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology (Smithsonian Institution Libraries), Leslie Overstreet and Daria Wingren, The Joseph F. Cullman III Library (Smithsonian Institution Libraries), and Ruth Schallert, Botany and Horticulture Library (Smithsonian Institution Libraries), Washington DC (USA).

Complementary Iconic Material:

Digital images of the authors were provided by the History of Medicine Division of the National Library of Medicine at the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, selected with the assistance of Michael North, Head of the Rare Books & Early Manuscripts Section, and by the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation of the Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, selected with the assistance of Charlotte Tancin, Librarian and Senior Research Scholar, and Angela L. Todd, Archivist and Research Scholar.

Computer assistance:

Roger Reeves, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC (USA).

Roberto Carroccia, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma (Rome, Italy)

Development of the Web site:

Martin Kalfatovic, Head, New Media Office, Smithsonian Institution Libraries, and Keri Thompson, Digital Projects Librarian, Smithsonian Institution Libraries, Washington DC (USA).

Site design by:

Nicole Van Doren, Smithsonian Institution Libraries, Washington DC (USA).

Link to the site on the BNCR home page:

Dssa Giovanna Cordani, Director of the Centro Elaborazione Dati (CED) (Center for data processing), and her staff, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma (Rome, Italy).

Digital imaging information (Smithsonian Institution):

Original images captured at 400 dpi in color on a BetterLight Scanning Back camera. Images stored as TIFFs. High resolution web images reduced to 72-96 dpi and rescaled to 1000 pixels on the short side.

Digital imaging information (Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma, Rome, Italy):

Books photographed with an Olympus OM-1 Camera, natural light, films Kodak Elite Chrome, Extra Color 100. Slides digitized with a Nikon CoolScan IV ED and CoolScan V ED.

Funding:

The preparatory research for this Web site - including the creation of a prototype - was supported by a grant awarded in 2002 by the Women’s Committee of the Smithsonian Institution (Washington DC, USA).

The analysis of herbals, photography of books, and gathering of complementary data at the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma (Rome, Italy) and at the Library of the Botanical Gardens (Padua, Italy), as well as the scanning of part of the pictures and processing of the related documentation at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC (USA) were made possible thanks to Earthwatch Institute (Boston, Mass., USA) that funded the program Medicinal Plants of Antiquity during the years 2003-2007.

Presentation and promotion of the site in Italy:

Dssa Maria Grazia Villani, and Dssa Angelina De Salvo, Promozione culturale (Cultural Promotion); Dssa Simonetta Buttò, Pubblicazioni (Publications), with the assistance of Francesco Polinari; Dssa Patrizia Costabile, Servizi aggiuntivi (Events); Claudia Di Lillo, Ufficio mostre (Exhibitions), and the plant management personnel, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma, (Rome, Italy).

Contracts, Rights and Administration:

Thomas Garnett, Associate Director for Digital Library and Information Systems, Smithsonian Institution Libraries; and General Council Office, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC (USA).

Dott. Osvaldo Avallone, Director, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma (BNCR), Rome, Italy; Dssa Margherita Breccia Fratadocchi, Director of the Manuscripts and Rare Books Room, BNCR, Dott. Antonio Barca, Ufficio amministrativo-contabile (Administration and accounting); and Dssa Maria Luisa Jacini, Fotoriproduzioni e diritti (Reproductions and rights), BNCR.

Prof. Laura Tallandini, President of the Sistema Bibliotecario di Ateneo, Università di Padova (Padua University Library System), and Dott. Antonio Scolari, former Director of the Sistema Bibliotecario di Ateneo, Università di Padova.

This website is dedicated to all our Earthwatch volunteers whose enthusiasm, determination and passion made all this possible.

 
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