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Binney (1866-1934) and C. Harold Smith (1860-1931)
Binney took over the operations of the Peeksill Chemical Co.,
his father's business, in 1885, and he and his father's partner,
C. Harold Smith, formed a partnership, Binney & Smith, in
New York City, New York.
products included industrial colorings: red oxide pigment used
in barn paint, and carbon for making tires black.
1900, the company began producing slate school pencils. Binney
began experimenting with a combination of old slate waste, cement,
and talc, and Binney & Smith created the first dustless white
chalk. In 1902, they won a gold medal for the invention at the
St. Louis World's Fair.
1903, the company produced the first box of kid-friendly "Crayola"
crayons, which sold for a nickel. Prior to their invention, wax
crayons were big, dull-colored, clumsy, and used mainly in industry.
The word "Crayola," coined by Binney's wife, means "oily
chalk." They were an overnight success.
from the following sources:
- Oswald, Alison. 2003. BINNEY & SMITH INC. RECORDS, Archives
Center, National Museum of American History.