Compiled by Marca L. Woodhams, Librarian, Horticulture Branch
Smithsonian Institution Libraries
December 1999

<Biographies | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W |WEB PAGES

"Alfred F. Conard;" The Florists' Exchange, vXXII n25, Dec. 22, 1906, p773.
Obituary notice.

American Nurseryman, v171 n12, Jun. 15, 1990.
Whole issue devoted to the "Life and Times in the [nursery] Industry."

Appleton"s Cyclopaedia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887.
James Vick is listed.

The Art of Gardening: Maryland Landscapes and the American Garden Aesthetic, 1730-1930:
May-October, 1985, The Historical Society of Talbot County. Easton, MD: Historical Society of Talbot County, 1985.
An exhibition on the role of gardening in the history of Maryland, included nursery and seed catalogs and advertising memorabilia.

Bailey, L. H. The Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture; A discussion, for the Amateur, and ....
New York: The Macmillan Company, 1937.
Biographies of horticulturists, pomologists, seedsmen, and nurserymen under the heading of 'Horticulturists.'

Baxter, Samuel Newman.  "The Nursery Catalog of a Century Back;" The Florists Exchange and Horticultural Trade World, vLX n18, Oct. 31, 1925, p1431.
Catalog for Bartram's Botanic Garden, proprietor, Robert Carr, dated 1828.

Beans, Bruce E. "Seeds of Greatness: How the Burpee Empire Grew;" Inquirer (The Philadelphia Inquirer Magazine), Mar. 1, 1987, pp17-24.
History of the Burpee company.

Benson, Albert Emerson. History of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. [Norwood, MA]: Printed for the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, 1929.
History of Society from 1830-1929. Lists officers of Society.

The Berckmans Collection at the Cherokee Garden Library, Atlanta, Georgia.
This collection contains manuscripts, photographs, business records and personal memorabilia of Prosper Jules Alphonse Berckmans, Sr.

"Bernard McMahon;" The Oxford Companion to Gardens. Oxford; New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1986.

Birkby, Bob and Janice Nahra Friedel.  "Henry, Himself;" The Palimpsest, v64 n5, Sep./Oct. 1983, pp150-169.
Biography of Henry Arms Field of Shenandoah, Iowa.

Block, Lori.  "A Century (or More!) And Counting;" American Nurseryman, v171 n12, Jun. 15, 1990, pp78-102.
A compendium of all the nursery businesses that have celebrated 100 years of continuous operation.

Boyd, James. A History of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society, 1827-1927. Philadelphia:
Printed for the Society, 1929.
History of the Society broken up into seven different periods. Has biographies and portraits of officers that include many nurserymen and seedsmen and descriptions of gardens including nurseries.

Breckon, Gary.  "Lila's Nursery;" California Horticulture Society Journal, vXXVIII n3, Jul. 1967, pp193-196.
History of a succulent nursery owned by Mrs. Lila Lillie and her mother, Mrs. Mary Belle Williams.

Brown, Thomas A., A List of California Nurseries and Their Catalogues 1850-1900. Petaluma, Calif. : T.A. Brown, 1993.

Bryan, Charles F., Jr. Seed for Thought. St. Louis, MO: St. Louis Mercantile Library, 1988.
The catalog of an exhibition of early seed catalogues, horticultural manuals and illustrated books related to 19th and 20th century American gardening in the collection of the St. Louis Mercantile Library, in cooperation with the Missouri Botanical Garden Library, July 30-September 21, 1988.

Burbank, Luther. Luther Burbank, His Methods and Discoveries and Their Practical Application; Prepared....... New York; London: Luther Burbank Press, 1914-15.
Twelve volumes taken from Burbank's original field notes made during forty years of research.

"Burnet Landreth;" The National Cyclopedia of American Biography, Volume 24. Clifton, NJ: J. T. White, 1893-.

Burr, Charles J.  "The Berkeley Horticultural Nursery;" California Horticultural Journal, v34 n1, Jan. 1973, pp10-11.
George Budgen, founder of nursery in 1922.

Burr, Charles J.  "The California Nursery: A History;" California Horticultural Journal, v31 n4, Oct. 1970, pp138-143.
A history of one of the oldest nurseries in the West written six months after its demise in the spring of 1970.

Burr, Charles J. "Nurseries and Nurserymen --The Edenvale Nursery;" California Horticultural Journal, v33 n1, Jan. 1971, pp37, 39.
History of Edenvale Nursery founded by C. E. Wilson and later owned by Frank Serpa.

Butterfield, Harry M.  "Builder's of California Horticulture, Part 1;" Journal of the California Horticultural Society, vXXII n1, Jan. 1961, pp2-7, 28.
Information on William C. Walker, James Saul, United States Nursery, Juan Centre (John Center), Edward L. Reimers, Stephen Nolan, and the Shell Mound Nursery.

Butterfield, Harry M. "Builder's of California Horticulture, Part 2;" California Horticultural Society Journal, vXXII n3, Jul. 1961, pp102-107.
Information on James Hutchison, W. F. Kelsey, Charles David Weber, Joseph Aram, Louis Prevost, Bernard S. Fox, Johann Felz, William C. Walker, William Wolfskill, Kate Sessions, Theodosia B. Shepherd, Carl Purdy, Edward O. Orpet, Luther Burbank, and C. C. Morse.

Butterfield, Harry M. "Carl Salbach--Plant Breeder and Nurseryman;" California Horticultural Society Journal, vXI n4, Oct. 1950, pp172-176.
Biography of Carl Salbach.

Butterfield, Harry M. "Early Horticulture in Northern and Central California;" California Horticultural Society Journal, vXXIX n1, Jan. 1968, pp30-32.
Information on Frank Kunz, Peter Kunz, the Felix Gillet Nursery, Luther Burbank, and Carl Purdy.

Butterfield, Harry M. "Early Nurseries in the Eastern United States;" California Horticultural Society Journal, vXXVII n2, Apr. 1966, pp42-56.
Brief histories of twenty-three East Coast nurseries.

Butterfield, Harry M. "Horticultural Activity in the Santa Barbara Area;" California Horticultural Journal, vXXIX n2, Apr. 1968, pp49-50, 55.
Biographies of Joseph Sexton (1842-1917), Kinton Stevens of The Palm and Citrus Nursery, Emanuele O. Fenzi, and Edward Owen Orpet.

Butterfield, Harry M. "The History of Ornamental Horticulture in California;" California Horticultural Society Journal, vXXVI n2, Apr. 1965, pp 47-50.
History starting with William C. Walker and his Golden Gate Nursery established in 1849.

Butterfield, Harry M. "Horticulture in the San Diego Area;" California Horticultural Journal, vXXX n2, Apr. 1969, pp62-63.
Short biographies of Kate Olivia Sessions (1857-1940) and Alfred D. Robinson, the founder of Rosecroft Begonia Gardens.

Butterfield, Harry M. "Pioneer Horticulturists in the Los Angeles Area;" California Horticultural Society Journal, vXXIX n3, Jul. 1968, pp93-95.
Information on Ozro B. Childs, Matthew Keller, Louis J. Stengel, John Grelck, E. D. Sturtevant, Eugene Germain, Aggeler and Musser Seed Company founded by Henry L. Musser in 1896, and Theodore Payne.

Butterfield, Harry M. "Some Pioneer Nurseries in California and their Plants, Part 1;" California Horticultural Society Journal, vXXVII n3, Jul. 1966, pp70-77.
Information on James L. Lafayette Warren, William Neely Thompson, Julius K. Rose, C. V. Gillespie, J. Bryant Hill, E. L. Beard, William Connell Walker, John Center (Juan Centre), James and William O'Donnell, Henry Sonntag, J. O'Hare, Frederick A. Miller, Edward L. Reimer, S. W. Moore, F. Ludemann, Robert J. Trumbull, E. Meyer, Charles Abraham, and H. H. Berger.

Butterfield, Harry M. "Some Pioneer Nurseries in California and their Plants, Part 2;" California Horticultural Society Journal, vXXVII n4, Oct. 1966, pp102-108.
Information on James Hutchison, William F. Kelsey, A. D. Pryal, Stephen Nolan and his Belle View Nursery, Lewelling Brothers, Domoto Brothers, H. Yoshiike of the Japanese Nursery, and Edward C. Gill.

Butterfield, Harry M. "Some Pioneer Nurseries in California and their Plants, Part 3;" California Horticultural Society Journal, vXXVIII n1, Jan. 1967, pp132-139.
Short biographies of California nurserymen including William Mohr, Jemima Branin, John Rock, James Shinn, Sydney Bancroft Mitchell, Carl Salbach, Edward Oliver Essig, and Professor E. O. James.

Christiansen, Bess Gedney. "A Brief History of Seed Catalogs;" The Historical Gardener, v3 n3, Fall 1994, pp4-5.
Landreth, Thorburn, Downing, Vick's, and Ferry.

farmer seed packetChristopher, Thomas. "Flora Unbound;" House & Garden, v167 n9, September 1998, pp146-148.
The use of floral plates as decorative prints.

Christopher, Thomas. "Heirloom Seed Catalogs: Back Issues Yield Insights into the Origins of American Gardening;" Horticulture, v63 n12, December 1985, pp24-27.
A history of seed and nursery catalogs in America.

"Comstock, Ferre & Co., 1820-1980: Celebrating 160 Years in the Seed Business."
History of the company, probably written by Mrs. Corinne W. Willard, wife of the president of the company in 1980.

Culbertson, Molly. "The Paper Garden;" Country Home, v12 issue 1, February 1990, pp81-85, 113
A discussion of lithography, the art of the seed catalogs, as well as a history of American seed companies.

"David Burpee;" The National Cyclopedia of American Biography. Clifton, NJ: J. T. White, 1893-.

Dreyer, Peter. A Gardener Touched with Genius: The Life of Luther Burbank. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1985.
Biography of Luther Burbank.

"Early American Nurserymen and Seedsmen;" Plants & Gardens, v23 n3, Autumn 1967, (February 1968) pp75-76.
One chapter in a special volume titled "Origins of American Horticulture."

"Early American Seed Trade;" Grower Talks, v40 n3, July 1976, pp1-15.
This special bicentennial issue of Grower Talks gives a history of American horticulture. Grower Talks is published by Ball Publishing, part of George J. Ball Company, a flower seed breeding and distribution company.

Elisabeth Woodburn, Books. Catalogue #2 (New Series) - Seed & Nursery Catalogues. Hopewell, NJ: Elisabeth Woodburn, Books, January 1998.
Catalog of important horticultural book dealer.

Elliott, Charles. "A. J. Downing, Garden Evangelist;" Horticulture, vLXXIII n9, Nov. 1995, pp14-22.
Downing's role as arbiter of taste.

Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Annual Catalogue of Plants, Seeds, Trees, 1909.  San Francisco, CA: 1909. (Cat. 012950)

Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Ferry's Home Garden Catalogue.  San Francisco, CA: 1931. (Cat. 022551)

Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Morse's Garden Guide, 1915.  San Francisco, CA: 1915. (Cat. 015737)

Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Morse's Seeds Garden Guide, 1917 .  San Francisco, CA: 1917. (Cat. 016462)

Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Morse's Garden Guide, 1918.  San Francisco, CA: 1918. (Cat. 016422)

"Field, Henry;" The National Cyclopedia of American Biography, Volume 47. Clifton, NJ: J. T. White, 1893-.

Fitzpatrick, John T. "An Overview of American Nursery and Seed Catalogues, 1771-1832;" Plants and People: The Dublin Seminar for New England Folklife, Annual Proceedings, 24 and 25 June 1995; v20, 1996, pp152-162.
Reports on 21 representative catalogs published between 1771 and 1832. They are sources of information on plants, nurseries, and gardeners and give a record of what was being offered for sale at particular times and places.

Garden and Forest, v3, July 2, 1890, p328.
Obituary of Patrick Barry.

"George Ellwanger;" The Florists' Exchange, vXXII n22, Dec. 1, 1906, p661.
Obituary notice.

"George Ellwanger;" Proceedings of the Thirtieth Session of the American Pomological Society held on the exposition grounds at Jamestown, Virginia, Sept. 24-26, 1907. Cleveland, Ohio: American Pomological Society, 1908.

"Grant Thorburn;" The Gardener's Monthly and Horticultural Advertiser, vV, 1863, p91.

Hedrick, U. P. A History of Horticulture in America to 1860. Portland, OR: Timber Press, c1988.
A history of gardening, fruit growing, and viticulture. Plant explorers and botanic gardens, and plant breeding are covered.

Henderson, Alfred. Peter Henderson, Gardener, Author, Merchant: A Memoir. New York: Press of McIlroy & Emmet, 1890.
Biography of Peter Henderson by his son.

Herringshaw, Thomas William, ed. Herringshaw's Encyclopedia of American Biography of the Nineteenth Century. Chicago, IL: American Publishers' Association, 1905.
Grant Thorburn is listed.

Higginbotham, Julie S. "Four Centuries of Planting and Progress: A History of the U. S. Nursery Industry;" American Nurseryman, v171 n12, Jun. 15, 1990, pp36-59.
Summarizes the U. S. nursery industry, from its pre-Colonial roots to 1990. Includes a chronology starting in 1565 to 1990.

Higginbotham, Julie S. "The Greening of a Continent;" American Nurseryman, v171 n12, Jun. 15, 1990, pp62-63.
Regional look at the nursery industry.

"The History of U. S. Floriculture;" Greenhouse Grower, v17 n10, Fall 1999, pp28-37.
History of Ball Seed Co., Goldsmith Seeds, Novartis Seeds, Bodger Seeds, Sakata Seed, Takii & Co., Benary Seed, Daehnfeldt, Waller Flowerseed, W. Atlee Burpee, Park Seed, Harris Seeds, Henry F. Michell Co., Grimes Seeds, Fred C. Gloeckner & Co., and Express Seed Co.

good crops seed packetHollingsworth, Buckner. "Theodosia Burr Shepherd, 1845-1906;" Her Garden was Her Delight. New York: Macmillan, 1962.
Biography largely taken from an unpublished biography by Shepherd's daughter.

"The House of Thorburn, New York--An Interesting History;" The Florists' Exchange, vXXII n15, Oct. 13, 1906, p441.
History of Thorburn Co., New York, New York.

Hutton, R. J. "Robert Pyle--A Life Devoted to Roses;" The American Rose Magazine, vXXXI n20, Aug. 1992, p11.
Biography of Pyle with emphasis on his work with the American Rose Society.

Ilgenfritz Nurseries, Inc. Monroe Nursery.  Ilgenfritz Garden Styles for '53.  Monroe, MI: 1953. (Cat. 021707)

Indiana Horticultural Society. Transactions of the Indiana Horticultural Society for the year 1908. Indianapolis: W. B. Burford, 1909.
List of nurseries in Indiana on official inspection list for 1908. Biography of Andrew Hampton, pioneer nurseryman of Indiana.

"John Scheepers & Company, New York;" The Florists' Exchange, vXXII n19, Nov. 10, 1906.
Brief history of John Scheepers & Co.

Kellen, Vince. "200 Years of the Right Stuff;" Florists' Review, v173 n4485, Nov. 17, 1983, pp46-47.
History of Landreth's, America's oldest seed company.

Keller, Kenneth W. "Merchandising Nature: The H. J. Weber and Sons Nursery," Missouri Historical Review, v89 n3, April 1995, pp307-326.
The author, a professor of history at Mary Baldwin College in Staunton, Virginia, is the great-grandson of Henry J. Weber.

Kelsey Nursery Service.  Safe Autumn Planting Catalog no. 166, 174, 178.  Highlands, NJ: 1960-1966. (cat. 024074-024076)

Kelsey Nursery Service.  Short Guide to the Best Varieties of Trees... Catalog no. 165, 167, 171, 173, 177, 179.  Highlands, NJ: 1960-1967. (cat. 024097-024102)

King, Louisa Yeomans. Pages from a garden note-book. New York: Scribner, 1921.
Chapter XII is "A Review of the American Seed Catalogue." This chapter was written in 1916 as an article in a popular journal. There is mention of Vaughan; Dreer; Farquhar; Palisades Nurseries of Sparkill, New York; Peter Henderson; Burpee; Bobbink & Atkins; Michell's (of Philadelphia); John Lewis Childs; Henry Field of Shenandoah, Iowa; Weeber & Don of New York; Henry Dawson of Eastern Nurseries, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts; Moon of Morrisville, Pennsylvania; Hicks; Ellwanger and Barry; Klehm's Nurseries, Andorra Nurseries; Hill of Dundee, Illinois; California Nursery Company of Niles, California; Julius Roehrs; Good & Reese of Springfield, Ohio; Frederick H. Horsford of Charlotte, Vermont; Storrs & Harrison; Farr's of Wyomissing, Pennsylvania; E. G. Hill Company of Richmond, Indiana; Conard & Jones; etc.

Kraft, Ken. Garden to Order. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1963.
History of Burpee Co.

Kraft, Ken and Pat. "Seeds for Sale;" Country Living Gardener, v1 n1, Spring/Summer 1993, pp30-31.
How America's seed houses got their start.

"Landreth, Cuthbert;" Dictionary of American Biography, Under the Auspices of the American Council of Learned Societies...  New York: C.Scribner's Sons, 1928-58.

"Landreth, David;" Dictionary of American Biography, Under the Auspices of the American Council of Learned Societies...  New York: C.Scribner's Sons, 1928-58.

"Landreth, David, Jr.;" Dictionary of American Biography, Under the Auspices of the American Council of Learned Societies...  New York: C.Scribner's Sons, 1928-58.

Lees, Carlton B. "The Golden Age of Horticulture;" Historic Preservation, v24 n4, October-December 1972, pp32-37.
A discussion of horticulture in 19th century America.

Leighton, Ann. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century: "For Use or For Delight." Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1976.
Chapter 12 is titled "Catalogues and Lists." Information on John Bartram, William Prince, and Bernard M'Mahon.

Leighton, Ann. American Gardens in the Nineteenth Century: "For Comfort and Affluence." Amherst: Univ. of Massachusetts Press, 1987.
Chapter 5 is titled "Seedsmen and Their Nurseries." Information on Bernard M'Mahon, Joseph Breck, Thomas and Alfred Bridgeman, Robert Buist, Thomas Meehan, Peter Henderson, Charles Mason and Phineas Brown Hovey.

"Lewis Chase;" Proceedings of the Thirty-third Biennial Session of the American Pomological Society held in Washington, D. C., November 17-21, 1913. Cleveland, Ohio: American Pomological Society, 1914.

"List of Nurserymen, Florists, and Seedsmen;" American Horticultural Annual, 1868, p159-164.
A list of "only those who have sent circulars or business cards, and those who advertise in the horticultural journals."

Lowe, Jeannette. "Burpee's Celebrates Its Centennial, 1876-1976;" Flower & Garden, v20 n3, Mar. 1976, pp26-29, 45.
History of the Burpee company by a staff horticulturist.

Mack, Richard N. "Catalog of Woes: Some of Our Most Troublesome Weeds Were Dispersed Through the Mail;" Natural History, Mar. 1990, pp44-53.
Article about weeds, but illustrated with old seed and nursery catalog covers.

"Made Wild by Pompous Catalogs;" American Horticulture, v70 n1, January 1991, p1-2.
In 1850, the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher protested the proliferation of posters, seed boxes, trade cards, and catalogs with lavish illustrations, thus the quote "made wild by pompous catalogs." A short history of illustrations in seed and nursery catalogs.

Mahurin, Carl. "Carl Purdy;" California Horticultural Society Journal, v2 n4, Oct. 1941, p196-207.

Manks, Dorothy S. "How the American Nursery Trade Began;" Plants & Gardens, v23 n3, Autumn 1967 (February 1968).
One chapter in a special volume titled "Origins of American Horticulture."

The Mayflower. Floral Park, New York: Mayflower Pub. Co., 188?-.
John Lewis Childs was the owner and editor of this magazine.

McGourty, Frederick, Jr. "Long Island's Famous Nurseries;" Plants & Gardens, v23 n3, Autumn 1967 (February 1968), pp58-61, 82.
One chapter in a special volume titled "Origins of American Horticulture."

McIntosh, W. H. History of Monroe County, New York: with Illustrations Descriptive of its Scenery, Palatial Residences, Public Buildings, Fine Blocks and Important Manufactories, from Original Sketches by Artists of the Highest Ability. Philadelphia: Everts, Ensign & Everts, 1877.
History of Mount Hope Nurseries; James Vick, Seedsman and Florist with engravings of Vick's Flower Farm; and Briggs Seed House. Also history of artists and lithographers in Rochester, New York.

McKelvey, Blake. "The Flower City: Center of Nurseries and Fruit Orchards;" Rochester Historical Society Publications, v18 pt.2, 1940, pp121-169.
A history of the early nurseries in Rochester, New York and their contribution to the horticultural development of Western New York and to the rest of the world as well.

Meehan, S. Mendelson, ed. "A Brief Sketch of the Life of Thomas Meehan;" Meehans' Monthly, A Magazine of Horticulture, Botany and Kindred Subjects, Volume 12 , Jan. 1902, pp13-19.

Mitich, Larry W. "The World of A. Blanc;" Cactus & Succlent Journal (U.S.), vXLV, 1973, pp158-170.
Description of A. Blanc's interest in cactus and how his hobby eventually expanded into the world's largest cactus nursery.

Mitich, Larry W. "The World of A. Blanc, Part II;" Cactus & Succlent Journal (U.S.), vXLV, 1973, pp203-213.

Mitich, Larry W. "The World of A. Blanc, Part III (conclusion);" Cactus & Succlent Journal (U.S.), vXLV, 1973, pp259-269.

"M'Mahon, Bernard;" Dictionary of American Biography, Under the Auspices of the American Council of Learned Societies...  New York: C.Scribner's Sons, 1928-58.

seed annualMorey, Dick. "The Most Complete 'Hort' House in the U.S.A.: Vaughan-Jacklin Corporation...Beautify America Since 1876;" Nursery Business, v25 n4, April 1980, pp50-51,54,68-69,76,80,94.
A history of this Chicago area company.

"Mrs. Theodosia B. Shepherd;" The Florists' Exchange, vXXII n12, Sep. 22, 1906, pp346-347.
Obituary notice and tribute.

Navlet, Arthur E. "Visiting the Flower Seed Farms of California;" Journal of the California Horticultural Society, vIX n2, Apr. 1948, pp86-90.
Visits of flower seed buyers are described.

Naylor, Harriett Julia. "Rochester's Agricultural Press: A Mirror of Genesee Country Life;" Rochester Historical Society Publications, v18 pt.2, 1940, pp170-200.
Some of Rochester's seedsmen and nurserymen were owners, editors or writers of Rochester's agricultural press, including Charles Crosman, James Vick, Joseph Harris, and Patrick Barry.

Neal, Steve. "David Burpee;" Dictionary of American Biography: Supplement 10 (1976-1980), 80-82.

Nguyen, Chris. "The Promise of Spring: Available by Mail Order;" Horizon: The Learning Section (The Washington Post), Wednesday, Jan. 10, 1996.
History of the Burpee company.

Norcross, Marjorie R. "Cataloging America's Cultural Roots;" Cornell Plantations, v47 n1, 1992, pp15-22.
A discussion of how American values were tied to American horticulture in seed catalogs. "To turn the pages of nineteenth century seed and nursery catalogs is to pursue a home course of art appreciation, ethics, politics, landscaping, domestic arts, and of course, horticulture."

"Nurserymen, Florists, Seedsmen, and Dealers in Horticultural Stock;" American Horticultural Annual, 1871, pp140-152
A list comprised of the "names of those who have sent us catalogues, etc., and those who advertise in the leading journals."

Oberle, Stephanie Ginsberg. "The Influence of Thomas Meehan on Horticulture in the United States;" Germantown Crier, v49 n1, Spring 1999, pp4-25.
Scholarly paper on Meehan with footnotes and photographs.

One hundred years of trust, 1884-1984. Minneapolis, MN: Northrup King Co., 1984.
History of the Northrup King Co., one of the largest seed companies in the world, written for it=s centennial.

Orpet, Mildred Selfridge. "E. O. Orpet, Horticulturist;" Journal of the California Horticultural Society, vXIII n2, Apr. 1952, pp39-52.

Park's Floral Magazine. LaPark, Pennsylvania: Geo. W. Park, 1871-1925.
George W. Park was the editor and publisher of this magazine.

Parks, Dan. "The Cultivation of Flower City;" Rochester History, vXLV Nos. 3 & 4, Jul. and Oct. 1983, pp25-47.
The story of entrepreneurs in horticulture in Rochester, New York. Includes nurserymen: Naaman Goodsell, Asa Rowe, George Ellwanger and Patrick Barry; and seedsmen: James Vick, C. F. Crosman, Joseph Harris, Briggs Brothers, and William H. Reid.

"Patrick Barry;" Annals of Horticulture in North America for the Year 1890. New York: Rural Publishing Company, 1891.
Obituary for Patrick Barry of the firm Ellwanger & Barry, Rochester, New York.

Pennsylvania Horticultural Society, Philadelphia. From Seed to Flower: Philadelphia, 1681-1876: A Horticultural Point of View. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania Horticultural Society, 1976.
Exhibition catalog for an exhibition put together for the bicentennial. "...a display of books and artifacts written, published, and used by Philadelphians in the last half of the eighteenth and first half of the nineteenth centuries."

"Profile: David Burpee, President, W. Atlee Burpee Co.;" Delaware Valley Announcer, v36 n4, Apr. 1963, pp25-26, 49.

"Prosper Julius A. Berckmans;" Proceedings of the Thirty-second Session of the American Pomological Society held at Tampa, Florida, February 9, 10 and 11, 1911. Cleveland, Ohio: American Pomological Society, 1912.

Raver, Ann. "Where Burpee First Tilled;" The New York Times, Sunday, August 23, 1992.
History of Burpee Co. and visit to Fordhook Farms with George C. Ball, owner of Burpee.

Reilly, Ann. "Lessons of the Farm: The David Burpee Story;" Nursery Business, v24 n1, Jan. 1979, pp50-52, 57, 65.
History of W. Atlee Burpee Company and David Burpee's role in the company.

"Research Inspires 134-Year-Old Vegetable Giant;" Seed World, v128 n12, November 1990, pp21-23.
A history of Ferry-Morse Seed Company.

Reynolds, George.  "Seedsmen to a Growing Country;" New York-Pennsylvania Collector, March 1990, pp15C-17C.
The early history of the seed and nursery industry in Rochester, New York ("The Flower City").

"Robert Buist;" The Gardener's Monthly and Horticulturist, vXXII n264, December 1880, pp372-374.
An obituary of Robert Buist.

"Robert Scott;" Meehans' Monthly, A Magazine of Horticulture, Botany and Kindred Subjects, vVI, September 1896, pp178.
An obituary of Robert Scott.

Rochester Directory of Nurserymen, Seedsmen and Florists of the United States and Canada: Giving Classified List of Names and Addresses, Alphabetically Arranged. Rochester, New York:
Rochester Lithographing Co., 1893-.

Rockwell, F. F. "Flowers for the Forty Million: An Interview with David Burpee by F. F. Rockwell;" Home Arts--Needlecraft, Jan. 1938.
Burpee's work developing new flowers at his plant laboratories at Floradale, California, and Fordhook Farms, Doylestown, Pennsylvania.

Rogier, June M. Andersen Horticultural Library: the first 25 years. Chanhassen, MN: Andersen Horticultural Library, c1996.
Two chapters on their seed and nursery catalog collection.

Rogier, June. "Catalogs Link Gardeners Across 2 Centuries;" Arboretum News, v17 n1, January-February 1998, pp1,6.
A description of the collection of catalogs (200,000 items) in the Andersen Horticultural Library at the Minnesota Landscape Arboretum. Describes some Minnesota seedswomen's and nurserymen's catalogs.

Rust, David. "Among the Growers: Henry A. Dreer, Inc., Riverton, N. J.;" The Florists' Exchange, vXXII n18, Nov. 3, 1906, p534.
The author's visit to the Dreer establishment.

Sarudy, Barbara Wells. Gardens and Gardening in the Chesapeake, 1700-1805. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.
Chapter four is "Seeds and Plants" and has information on early seedsmen and nurserymen. Chapter ten has information on Bernard M'Mahon.

Sarudy, Barbara Wells. "Nurserymen and Seed Dealers in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake;" Journal of Garden History, v9 n3, July-September 1989, pp111-117.

Sarudy, Barbara Wells. "South Carolina Seed Merchants and Nurserymen Before 1820;" Magnolia; Bulletin of the Southern Garden History Society, vVII n3 Winter 1992 p 6-10.

Saul, John A. "Tree Culture, or a Sketch of Nurseries in the District of Columbia;" Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D. C., v10, 1907, pp38-62.
A history of nurseries and nurserymen in the District of Columbia including the author's grandfather John Saul.

"Seed Trade in America--Before the ASTA;" Seed World, v121 n6, May 1983, pp21-22.
A history of the seed industry in America before the American Seed Trade Association which was established by C. W. Crosman of Rochester, New York.

corn - seed packetShepherd, Theodosia B.  ...California Flowers, Plants, Seeds, Bulbs, Palms, Orchids, Cacti.  Ventura-By-The-Sea, CA: 1895.  (Cat. 008830).

Sinclair, Ward. "Send Seeds: Why the relentless mail order seed catalogue is about as American a document as there is;" The Washington Post Magazine, April 6, 1986, pp6-13.
A description of the collection of trade catalogs at the National Agricultural Library in Beltsville, Maryland and the catalog seed business in America today.

Slosson, Elvenia, comp. Pioneer American Gardening. New York: Coward-McCann, 1951.
A collection of American horticultural stories contributed by members of forty-one states with federated gardeners that form the National Council of State Garden Clubs.

"Some American Seedsmen and Nurserymen;' Annals of Horticulture in North America for the Year 1899. New York: Rural Publishing Company, 1890.
List of catalogs that had been received in the editor's office during the year of 1899.

Steffek, Edwin F. "Robert Pyle;" Dictionary of American Biography: Supplement 5 (1951-1956), pp555-556.

Success with Flowers. West Grove, Pennsylvania: The Dingee & Conard Co., Oct. 1890-June 1904.
Alfred Fellenberg Conard and Charles Dingee were owners and editors.

Templin, L., & Sons.  Bargains in Seeds, Plants, Vines, Bulbs, Etc.  Calla, OH: 1898.  (Cat. 017690)

Templin, L., & Sons.  Templin's Ideal Seeds, Bulbs, Plants, Etc. 1903, 1904.  Calla, OH: 1903-1904.  (Cat. 011022-011023)

Terry, Dickson. The Stark Story: Stark Nurseries 150th Anniversary. St. Louis, MO: Missouri Historical Society, 1966.
History of Stark Brothers Nurseries and Orchards Company, Louisiana, Missouri.

"Theodore S. Hubbard;" Proceedings of the Thirtieth Session of the American Pomological Society held on the exposition grounds at Jamestown, Virginia, Sept. 24-26, 1907. Cleveland, Ohio: American Pomological Society, 1908.

"Thomas Meehan;" Proceedings of the Twenty-seventh Session of the American Pomological Society held in Buffalo, N. Y., Sept. 12-13, 1901. Cleveland, Ohio: American Pomological Society, 1902.
Obituary. Thomas Meehan was the First Vice-President of the Society.

"Thomas Meehan, 19th Century Plantsman;" Plants & Gardens, v23 n3, Autumn 1967 (February 1968), pp81, 85.
One chapter in a special volume titled "Origins of American Horticulture."

"Thomas Volney Munson;" Proceedings of the Thirty-third Biennial Session of the American Pomological Society held in Washington, D. C., November 17-21, 1913. Cleveland, Ohio: American Pomological Society, 1914.

Thorburn, Grant. Forty Years' Residence in America; or, the Doctrine of a Particular Providence Exemplified in the Life of Grant Thorburn. Written by Himself. Boston: Russell, Odiorne & Metcalf, 1834.
"...whom in the name of wonder, has a better right to publish a man's life, than himself?" An autobiography.

Tice, Patricia M. Gardening in America, 1830-1910. Rochester, NY: The Strong Museum, 1984.
"Gardening in America," an exhibit and a book presents the origins of American's love of gardening and their changing tastes in gardening.

"Tributes to the Late George Ellwanger;" The Florists' Exchange, vXXII n23, Dec. 8, 1906, p695.
Tributes from the daily papers of Rochester, New York.

Tucker, David M. Kitchen Gardening in America: A History. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, c1993.
Chapter 6: Seed Catalogues and Straight Rows.

seed packet - RossTuten, James H. "David Burpee;" American National Biography, Volume 22. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

University of Rochester. Library Bulletin. vXXXV 1982.
Entire volume devoted to the seed and nursery business in Rochester, New York. History of Ellwanger & Barry company, biographies of Ellwanger and Barry, biography of Joseph Harris of Moreton Farm, and history of 19th century Rochester fruit and flower plates.

Van Pelt, Helen Dupuy. "Henderson Llewelling: Pacific Pioneer Nurseryman;" Journal of the California Horticultural Society, vVI n3, Jul. 1945, pp273-274.

Van Ravenswaay, Charles. Drawn from nature: the botanical art of Joseph Prestele and his sons. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1984.
Biography of the artist and lithographer, Joseph Prestele and his sons. Information on James Vick and Prestele's work with nurserymen's plate books.

Van Ravenswaay, Charles. A Nineteenth-Century Garden. New York: Universe Books, 1977.
Twelve color plates and twenty black-and-white illustrations from books carried by American nursery salesmen from the mid- to late-nineteenth century are used to tell the story of the history of the nursery business in America.

"The Victorian Lady and Her Flowers;" American Heritage, v29 n5, Aug./Sep. 1978, pp99-103.
Pictorial showing many trade catalog covers.

"A Visit to White Marsh, Md.;" The Florists' Exchange, vXXII n12, Sep. 22, 1906, p350.
Description of a day spent at the R. Vincent, Jr. & Sons establishment.

"W. W. Rawson & Co., Boston;" The Florists' Exchange, vXXII n21, Nov. 24, 1906, pp620, 627, 631.
Description of company with photographs of the flower seed department, general seed department, store and reading room and new dahlias.

Waldron, Webb. "Turnips or Tulips: Which Are You Planting?" The American Magazine, vCXV n3, Mar. 1933, pp51, 138-142.
How David Burpee has introduced new plants and kept the Burpee Company going.

Walls, Nina de Angeli. Trade Catalogs in the Hagley Museum and Library. Wilmington, DE: Hagley Museum and Library, 1987.
A description of the trade catalog collection in the Hagley Library that includes more than 18,000 catalogs.

White, Katharine S. Onward and Upward in the Garden. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, c1979.
A collection of fourteen garden pieces written for The New Yorker by the wife of E. B. White. These articles were critical reviews of the literature of garden catalogs from 1958 to 1970.

Whitmore, Lynn. "Memories: A Seed Company Retrospective;" Seed World, v128 n8, July 1990, pp9-25.
Short histories of twenty-three American seed companies, and a history of the French company, Vilmorin, the world's oldest seed company.

Wickersham, Virginia V. "Field Trip to the Ferry Morse Co. and Sunset Magazine;" Journal of the California Horticultural Society, vXXII n4, Oct. 1961, pp151-152.

Wilson, Alex. "Selling Seeds and Plants;" The Occasional, 1988, pp11-17.
Highlights seed and nursery catalogs as research tools. Exhibition from the collection of the Nova Scotia Museum.

Woodburn, Elisabeth. "Horticultural Heritage: The Influence of U. S. Nurserymen;" Agricultural Literature: Proud Heritage--Future Promise: A Bicentennial Symposium, September 24-26, 1975. Washington, DC: Associates of the National Agricultural Library: sold by the Graduate School Press, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, c1977.
The books and people who developed the American knowledge of horticulture. "Now we regret that no serious attempt was made early in our horticultural history to keep continuous files of our seed and nursery catalogues. No better year by year history of our horticulture and the men who created it exist. The brief personal notes in some of these catalogues are real footnotes of history."  Prince nursery, John Bartram, Bernard M'Mahon, David Landreth, Patrick Barry, Andrew Jackson Downing, Thomas Bridgeman, Robert Buist, Grant Thorburn, Thomas Hibbert, Joseph Breck, and Thomas Meehan are discussed.

Wright, Richardson Little. The Story of Gardening, from the Hanging Gardens of Babylon to the Hanging Gardens of New York. Garden City, NY: Garden City Publishing Co., 1938.
Chapter XIV is called "The Rise of Gardening in America" and has a section on "The Initial Nurserymen." Landreth, M'Mahon, Thorburn and Prince nursery are discussed.

WEB PAGES (revised 8/2015)

About Park Seed. Geo. W. Park Seed Co., Inc. [History of Park Seed.]

Advertising, Marketing, and Commercial Imagery Collections. Archives Center, NationalMuseum of American History, Smithsonian Institution. [The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana includes seed and nursery catalogs.]

The American Seed and Nursery Industry.  Smithsonian Institution Libraries.  [Biographies of American Seedsmen and Nurserymen and a bibliography.]

Archived Newsletters. Commemorative Newsletter Series. D. Landreth Seed Company.  [The D. Landreth Seed Co. commemorative newsletter series gives a history of the seed company.]

BB.E47 Ellwanger and Barry Papers, 1818-1963. University of Rochester Libraries. Department of Rare Books and Special Collections.  [History of the Ellwanger and Barry Nursery and a description of the collection.]

Burpee Seed Company. [web page for the Burpee company. Includes at least two biographical pages on George Ball, Jr., the Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of W. Atlee Burpee & Co., as well as Burpee company historical information].

Catalog Cover Gallery. W. Atlee Burpee & Co.  [Cover images of Burpee catalogs from 1886-2010.]

Company History. W. Atlee Burpee & Co.  [History of the Burpee Co.]

Elizabeth Gedney Christensen Gardening Collection, 1822-1994, Cage 667. Washington State University Libraries.  [Finding aid with a list of catalogs in the Christensen Collection.]

Ferry-Morris Seed Co. Archives. Collection D-114.  Special Collections: Manuscript Collections. University of California, Davis. General Library.  [Finding aid for the Ferry-Morse Seed Co. Archives]

Field, Henry, 1871-1949. Shenandoah. Papers, 1846-1955 (Ms 134). State Historical Society of Iowa. Library & Archives. Manuscript Collections, Iowa City.  [List of Manuscript Collections at the State Historical Society of Iowa.]

Finding Aid for the Collection of Nursery Catalogs, ca. 1900-1988.  UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections. [Finding aid for Nursery catalog collection with a list of catalogs in the collection.]

Four Decades of Library Support. University of Delaware Library. Special Collections Department. [Highlights some of the treasures of the Unidel History of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture Collection.]

Gurney’s Seed and Nursery Company. Wikipedia. [Wikipedia entry for Gurney’s Seed and Nursery Co. with references to company archives.]

Harvest of Freedom: The History of Kitchen Gardens in America.  Mann Library. Cornell University.  [Online exhibition includes nursery catalogs as well as other horticulture literature.]

Hummert International Has Roots with Area Seed Companies. The Gateway Gardener. [History of Hummert company as well as other St. Louis seed companies.]

The Legacy of W. Atlee Burpee. W. Atlee Burpee & Co. [Biography of W. Atlee Burpee and history of the Burpee Co.]

LuEsther T. Mertz Library Collections. New York Botanical Garden.

Mail Order Gardens. Mann Library. Cornell University.  [Online exhibition of catalogs from the Ethel Zoe Bailey Collection. Ethel was Liberty Hyde Bailey’s daughter.]

Marketing in the Modern Era: Trade Catalogs and the Rise of 19th Century American Advertising. Harvard Business School, Baker Library.  [Online exhibition about trade catalogs that includes seed catalogs.]

National Agricultural Library Pre-1870 American Seed Trade Catalogs. ProQuest.  [Description of an Index to the pre-1870 catalog collection at the National Agricultural Library.]

National Agricultural Library. Special Collections.  Seed Trade Catalog Image Gallery.  Special Collections, National Agricultural Library. [Images of covers from the Henry G. Gilbert Nursery and Seed Catalog Collection.]

Nursery & Seed Catalogue Collection. L. H. Bailey Hortorium, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University.  [Description of the Ethel Z. Bailey Horticultural Catalogue Collection.]

Nursery and Seed Catalog Collection: United States.  Collection O-009.  Special Collections: Manuscript Collections. University of California, Davis. General Library.  [Finding aid for the Nursery and Seed Collection: United States.]

Nursery and Seed Catalog Collection: International.  Collection O-041. Special Collections: Manuscript Collections. University of California, Davis. General Library.  [Finding aid for the Nursery and Seed Collection: International.]

Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection. Special Collections of the National Agricultural Library.  [Description of the Henry G. Gilbert Nursery and Seed Trade Catalog Collection.]

Our History.  Earl May Nursery and Garden Center.  [History of the May Seed and Nursery Co. in Shenandoah, Iowa.]

Reuter’s Seeds for the South. Southeastern Architectural Archive. Special Collections Division of Howard-Tilton Memorial Library, Tulane University.  [Online exhibition of catalog covers from Reuter’s Seeds, a New Orleans business.]

Seed and Nursery Catalog Collection. MSS 988. Cherokee Garden Library.  Atlanta History Center.  [Scope and content note for the Seed and Nursery Catalog Collection.]

Seed and Nursery Catalogs.  Andersen Horticultural Library.  Minnesota Landscape Arboretum. [Highlights the Andersen Library’s collection of nearly 60,000 seed and nursery catalogs dating from 1828 to the present.]

Seed Annuals and Catalogs.  Victory Horticultural Library.  [List of seed catalogs held at the library and some page scans that require a subscription to view.]

Seed Catalogs.  Smithsonian Libraries.  Image Gallery: Seed and Nursery Catalogs

Seed Catalogs. Digital Collections.  Iowa State University Library.  [Images of seed catalogs in the digital collections.]

Seed Catalogs. Digital Horizons: A Plains Media Resource.  Concordia College Archives, NDSU Inst. For Regional Studies & University Archives, State Historical Society of North Dakota, and Prairie Public Broadcasting.  [Images of seed catalogs and descriptions of each image.]

Seed Catalogs, Supplemental List, 1818-1969. University of Delaware Library.  [Finding aid for seed catalogs.]

Seed Industry and Trade. Rare Books Department. The College of William and Mary. Earl Gregg Swem Library.  [Access to the library catalog and seed and nursery catalogs.  A number of Shaker catalogs.]

A Short History of the Seed and Nursery Catalogue in Europe and the U.S.  Oregon State University Libraries. [Online exhibition on the history of seed and nursery catalogs in Europe and the United States with images of catalogs from the Nursery and Seed Trade Catalogues Collection.]

Special Collections: Manuscript Collections. Agriculture. University of California, Davis. General Library.  [Description of the Ferry-Morse Seed Company Archives and the Nursery and Seed Catalog Collection.]

Trade Catalogs.  American Antiquarian Society.  [Description of the Society’s Trade Catalog Collection that includes 900 items from 1883-1876 and includes seed catalogs.]

Trade Catalogs in the University of Delaware Library.  [An exhibition at the Hugh M. Morris Library, University of Delaware Library, Newark, Delaware, March 18-July 15, 1996. Curated by Timothy D. Murray and Iris R. Snyder.]