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Artist Biography
Arthur Henry (Art) Young (1866-1943)

YoungYoung was born 14 January, 1866, near Orangeville, Illinois. His family moved to Monroe, Wisconsin, when he was a year old. He quit high school before graduating. After selling his first cartoon to Judge in 1883, Young moved to Chicago, where he enrolled in the Academy of Design. Young worked for the Daily Mail and the Daily News from 1884 to 1887. He created what many consider to be the definitive drawings of the Haymarket Riot (1886) during this period.

In the autumn of 1889, Young traveled to Paris and entered the Académie Julien. He was forced to return to Monroe, Wisconsin, due to poor health. He stayed in Monroe until 1892, at which time he joined the staff of the Chicago Inter Ocean. Here he produced the first daily front-page political cartoon in the Midwest. Throughout the 1890s, Young also contributed to Puck, Judge, and Life. He was one of the first artists to freelance to all three simultaneously. For Life and Puck more so than Judge, his cartoons became increasingly satirical.

Young's socialist leanings began around 1910, upon his association with Greenwich Village radicals. His most notable cartoons can be found in Life, Puck, the Masses, the Liberator, the Metropolitan, and Young's own radical satire magazine, Good Morning. He crusaded against sweatshops, firetrap tenements, child labor, racial segregation, and discrimination against women, in addition to Socialism's traditional industrial and political enemies. He belonged to the vanguard of a very active left-wing movement in American arts and letters. What is perhaps most amazing about Young - considering his views were radical enough that he was tried for treason during World War I - is that he was simultaneously able to create humorous, inoffensive gag cartoons that magazines like the Saturday Evening Post eagerly and prominently published.

In Young's later years he drew less, became bitter about life, and advised both young radicals and aspiring cartoonists. He died at his home in Bethel, Connecticut, on 29 December, 1943.


Buhle, Mari Jo, Paul Buhle, and Dan Georgakas, eds. Encyclopedia of the American Left. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1990.

Garraty, John A., and Mark C. Carnes, eds. American National Biography. Vol. 24. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Horn, Maurice, ed. The World Encyclopedia of Cartoons. 2d ed. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 1999.